12th East Asian Seminar on UN Studies
Dear Prof. YOKOTA,
Dear Prof. PARK,
The 12th East Asian Seminar on UN Studies was held in Beijing on 20-21 December 2012, chaired by Amb. Chen Jian, President of CANUNS. It was attended by 46 participants from CANUNS, JAUNS and KACUNS and ACUNS. Centering on the theme of Global Governance and East Asia Cooperation in the UN, we had candid and in-depth discussions on two broad issues: the role of the UN in global governance, and the East Asia cooperation among China, Japan and ROK, with the aim to enhance trilateral cooperation, promote common development, and make contributions to stability, development and prosperity of the region and the world.
The role of UN in global governance
We reviewed the history and current developments of the UN. It was fully recognized the international relations and development were undergoing three main trends: 1) a profound transition and transformation, with rising tides of multi-polarity, globalization, cultural diversity and ICTs; 2) power shift and diffusion in world politics from West to East, from states to non-state actors; 3) the multiple crises of food, fuel, flu and finance compounded by greater challenges arising from inequality, insecurity, intolerance and imbalance.
We shared the view that the weakness of the UN derived principally from the following overriding constraints: 1) the fundamental design where it is hard to strike a right balance between national interests and common global good, between democracy and efficiency, 2) the persistent gaps between UN mandates and the operational activities due to limitations in resources and authorizations, 3) the rising of non-state actors against the state-centric concept, 4) the UN collective security system versus US unilateralism, 5) lack of coordination and coherence in and outside the UN system.
we emphasized the primary and central role of the UN in finding common solutions to building a more peaceful, prosperous and democratic world, and called for an inclusive, transparent and effective multilateral system on the basis of broad participation of all states, international organizations as well as NGOs.
We stressed the need to promote synergy and coherence among the UN agencies, G20, BRICS and other global and regional institutions, reflecting the fact that emerging economies should assume a bigger role and make more contributions to world peace and development.
We deemed the global economic governance an integral and important part of global governance and called for improving aid-effectiveness, and bringing in non-traditional donors, the BRICS countries in particular, taking into account the competing aid regimes between UN-DCF and GP-EDC.
We stressed that efforts should be made by our three countries in spreading and sharing the benefits of globalization with the rest of the world, through providing global public goods, sharing technologies and experiences in the forms of South-South cooperation, North-South cooperation and North-South cooperation in the South.
We deemed insecurity arising from the regional conflicts in the Middle East a major threat. We underlined the necessity of a comprehensive approach by the international community, comprising political, economic, diplomatic, military and legal means, in accordance with international laws, including the principles of national sovereignty and territorial integrity. We also exchanged views on the notion and principles of R2P, and called for further consideration and deliberation.
East Asia Cooperation among China, Japan and ROK
We reviewed the East Asia cooperation in the broad context of international relations and politics, and recognized that deepening cooperation in East Asia is of significant importance in the wake of geographical tension, historical feud and present bitterness over the region.
We commended the tremendous achievements made by East Asia countries in a wide range of areas, which, we believed, constituted the mainstream and will continue to serve peace, stability and prosperity in the region. We reiterated that we would view and approach trilateral cooperation from strategic point of view, on the basis of mutual respect, equality, openness and transparency.
We recommended on anti-piracy in the Gulf of Aden, a long-term strategy and a comprehensive approach, in which the UNSC should play a vital role in rule-making and rule-supervision and root causes such as state failure, poor governance, extreme poverty and profit-seeking activities should also be dealt with in an integral manner. Concrete suggestions were made on information sharing, best practice sharing and joint on-site exercises among us.
We emphasized the need for political support from the three countries, which, we believe, would enhance mutual trust and confidence and may lead to the establishment of a mechanism for trilateral security cooperation.
We commended the Rio+20 process and its outcomes which would serve as a new paradigm for the international development cooperation. We examined the common challenges, responsibilities, and interests faced by the East Asia countries, and identified differences in their respective policies and priorities and so on.
It was suggested the ethical pillar featured by sustainable governance and institutional framework as the fourth one in addition to the three pillars of sustainable development, namely, economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection. We emphasized the need for combining SDGs with post-MDGs in order to have a coherent international development agenda.
We suggested our three countries change mentality and conduct action-oriented and project-based cooperation engaging wide participation from NGOs, with patience and open-mindedness.
We heard the activities and progress made by our three countries, individually and collectively, in dialogues on civilization, which were conducive to promoting integration, mutual understanding and tolerance in the wake of clashes among civilizations. We put forward suggestions on enhancing the role of UN agencies, engaging social forces and stakeholders, in the spirit of equality and inclusiveness.
From the two-day discussion, we come to a conclusion that there is a great potential for cooperation and coordination among our three countries in areas such as the anti-piracy in the Gulf of Aden, follow-up to Rio+20 and dialogue on civilizations.
Divergences remain in the issues as R2P and conflicts in the Middle East. But still, there is room for further cooperation and dialogue in the future among us.
Globalization is an unfinished task, so is the reforming process. The deliberations on this agenda will be an ongoing one, with views and opinions converging or diverging from time to time. It is, therefore, quite natural to have an open-ended conclusion.
Dear friends and colleagues,
Last but not least, I would like to thank you again for your active and valuable participation in and contribution to the meeting. This trilateral cooperation mechanism is truly a good one for enhancing the interests in and research on the UN studies among governments, civil society and academia. I hope we can go on with the momentum and bring it to a new height. See you in Korea in 2013. Bon Voyage!
Thank you all!